- 时间：2019-01-05 16:27
东盟与东亚经济研讨所高档政策研讨员Rebecca Fatima Sta Maria说：“当局和决策者必须对介入寰球价值链有全面临认识。这些政策不应仅仅存眷海内需求做的工作，还应经由过程商业和投资和谈存眷国际上需求做的工作，列国当局还应审查投资政策，确保它们吸引投资，这合乎其可持续和包容性生长的目标。这意味着不仅要存眷环境影响，还要存眷外商直接投资的社会影响。”
VIENNA, 18 June 2018 – World-renowned policy experts and academics, as well as high-level practitioners and policymakers came together today for the 2018 Forum on Globalization and Industrialization to explore the potential of Global Value Chains (GVCs) for driving structural change.
Participation in GVCs provides important opportunities for firms to access international markets, absorb new technology, and rapidly expand their economies of scale. However, technology requirements for entering into GVCs are more demanding than ever and there is a tangible risk that developing economies will remain trapped in lower value-added activities along the value chains.
“Harnessing the potential of GVCs for broad-based economic development requires active and purposeful policies. It also requires an understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of GVCs across different regions and industries,” said LI Yong, Director General of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), at the opening.
The participants looked into how GVCs can lead to inclusive and sustainable development and how countries at different stages of development can ensure their participation in those value chains.
“Supply chain linkages are a key channel for foreign direct investment (FDI)-driven sustainable industrialization. Firms that engage in FDI are more productive and more sustainable than those that do not,” said Ana Novik, Head of Investment Division at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. “Therefore, host economy SMEs can benefit from supply chain linkages with foreign multinational enterprises through transfers of knowledge and technology.”
Policy challenges and options for utilizing the potential of GVC for broad-based economic development were also discussed.
“Government and policymakers must take a holistic view of participation GVCs. The policies must not just focus on what needs to be done domestically, but also internationally through trade and investment agreements,” said Rebecca Fatima Sta Maria, Senior Policy Fellow at the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. “Governments must also review investment policies to ensure that they attract investments, which are aligned to their goals for sustainable and inclusive development. This means focusing not just on environment impact but also the social impact of FDI.”
Albert Ting, Chairman of CX Technology Corporation added,“The successful development models of East Asia can be modified and adopted by others to achieve better success in inclusive sustainable industrial development and poverty alleviation.”
Two new UNIDO reports, which contributed to the structure of the event, were launched during the Forum: “The Global Value Chains and Industrial Development: Lessons from China, South-East and South Asia” and “Structural Change for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development”.
“Developing and emerging economies try their best to participate in GVCs and contribute to global economic growth. This joint research report provides the pathways and policy recommendations on how to integrate into GVCs and climb the ladder effectively,” said UIBE Professor and Vice-President Zhongxiu Zhao at the event.
The Forum was organized by UNIDO and the Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG) at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel), in cooperation with China’s University of International Business and Economics(UIBE). The event was also made possible with financial support from the People's Republic of China.